Characteristics of the papers produced with kenaf fibres and other fibres

Fiber source Process   Volumetry Tearing Traction Reference
      (cm ≥ g-π) (mN m2 g-π) (N m g-π)  
Kenaf: whole tree Kraft [4] - 5,4 85 Leekha-Thapar ('83)
Kenaf: linden tree
Soda A/Q [4] 1,8 17,8 100 Maddern-French ('89)
Kenaf: wood Soda A/Q [4] 1,4 5,9 70 Maddern-French ('89)
Kenaf: whole tree Kraft [4] 1,5 12,1 68 Patel and others ('84)
Kenaf: whole tree Soda [4] - 4,4 57 Patel and others ('84)
Kenaf: linden tree Kraft [4] 1,7 20 - 24 110 Gartside ('81)
Kenaf: linden tree Soda [4] 1,8 17 - 20 100 Gartside ('81)
Kenaf: wood Kraft [4] 1,4 5,0 76 Gartside ('81)
Kenaf: wood Soda [4] 1,3 5,0 70 Gartside ('81)
Kenaf: linden tree NSSC [3] 1,8 28,7 81 Gartside ('81)
Kenaf: wood NSSC [3] 1,3 3,5 86 Gartside ('81)
Kenaf: linden tree Soda [4] 1,7 - 1,8 21 - 25 96 Mamers-Menz ('81)
Kenaf: wood Soda [4] 1,2 - 1,3 5,0 - 7,0 70 - 90 Mamers-Menz ('81)
New Zealand pine Kraft [4] 1,4 9,1 106 Hands and others ('86)
Australian pine Kraft [4] 1,3 10,4 108 Hands and others ('86)
Wood mixed eucalyptus Kraft [4] 1,5 8,2 69 Hands and others ('86)
Eucalyptus Soda A/Q [4] 1,5 9,1 86 Hands and others ('86)
Wood mixed eucalyptus Soda [4] 1,5 6,1 55 Hands and others ('86)
Australian pine Bisulphite [4] 1,2 4,9 85 Hands and others ('86)
Wood mixed eucalyptus NSSC [3] 1,6 8,4 82 Hands and others ('86)
Wood mixed eucalyptus Cold soda [3] 1,8 4,0 51 Hands and others ('86)
Kenaf: linden tree CMP [2] 2,3 12,0 68 Puti and Huggins ('81)
Kenaf: wood CTMP [2] 1,2 4,0 65 Puti and Huggins ('81)
Kenaf: whole tree CTMP [2] 2,2 9,7 48 Puti and Huggins ('81)
Kenaf: whole tree CTMP [2] 1,5 7,4 76 Puti and Huggins ('81)
Kenaf: whole tree TMP [1] 2,3 3,9 - 5,1 30 Nisi-Cappelletto ('92)
Kenaf: whole tree CMP [2] 1,8 - 2,0 6,2 - 7,1 38 - 44 Nisi-Cappelletto ('92)
Kenaf: whole tree CTMP [2] 1,6 - 1,8 4,5 - 6,1 38 - 58 Nisi-Cappelletto ('92)
Kenaf: whole tree TMP [1] 1,5 6,9 68 Barbadillo ('92)
Kenaf: whole tree CTMP [2] 1,5 8,1 81 Barbadillo ('92)
Pine CMP [2] 2,7 6,1 36 Hands and others ('86)
Pine TMP [1] 2,5 6,6 37 Hands and others ('86)
             
[1] Mechanical
[2] Mechanic-chemical
[3] Semi-chemical
[4] Chemical
Source: GARTSIDE G. "Paper making proprieties from kenaf" CSIRO B.R.R. "Development of kenaf industry in Australia" Brisbane 1990. NISI D. CAPPELLETTO P. "Paste ad alta resa da kenaf - Tecnologie prospettive" Eurokenaf International Congress: "Il kenaf nell'industria cartaria" - SIVA S.p.A. Roma 1992. BARBADILLO P. "High yeld from kenaf: Tecnologies, prospects and environmental benefits" Eurokenaf International Congress: "Il kenaf nell'industria cartaria"- SIVA S.p.A. Roma 1992.

Source: "Il kenaf, non solo una nuova materia prima cellulosica" - G. Mignoni